منتديات ثقافية - تربوية - علمية
 
الرئيسيةس .و .جمكتبة الصوربحـثالتسجيلدخول

شاطر | 
 

 امتحان و تلخيص قواعد انجليزي للثاني عشر

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
MR: KAMAL
المشرف العام
المشرف العام
avatar

عدد الرسائل : 202
المهنة : خدمة الأعضاء
الإقامة : Palestine
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/10/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: امتحان و تلخيص قواعد انجليزي للثاني عشر   الأربعاء يناير 30, 2008 9:38 pm

Jenin Secondary School English Test/12th Grade
Scholastic Year : 2006-2007 Second Semester/daily test
Name : Date : / /2007 …………………..………………………………………………………………
Read the following passage then answer the questions that follow. (11 points)
As you settle in, you’ll find life is far less organised for you now. Yes, you’ll have lectures, but you’ll also have many hours with nothing scheduled. Some people grab the chance to be lazy with both hands, but don’t let yourself get like that. If you want to do well, you have to use that free time well. In fact, it isn’t really ‘free’ at all. You need lots of it to get all your work done properly. We’re certainly not saying you should work all the time. If you did, you’d soon burn out. Besides, a good social life is an essential part of the university experience. The important thing is balance really, and to get the balance right you need to do your work efficiently. It’s a good idea to write weekly and daily ‘to do’ lists, setting your top priorities. Then you won’t suddenly face nasty surprises such as a 1,000-word essay you have to write by tomorrow morning! Get into regular working habits. For example, always write out lecture notes quickly, while the lecture is still fresh in your mind. Don’t write mountains of notes. Instead, note the main points and any references for further reading. All this reading will probably include journals and materials from the Internet as well as books. Here, the library becomes very important. You may be given a tour of this (and other university facilities). If not, give yourself a tour. Find out where the books and journals you’ll need are kept. Check the computer and photocopy facilities.
1- What do the following refer to (3*1)
a: like that line 3 ……………………………………………………….
b: If you did line 5 ………………………………………………………
c: If not line 14 ………………………………………………………….
2- Why do you have to write down lectures quickly? (1*1)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3- What is the alternative for not writing mountains of notes ? (1*1)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
True or false:
4- a good social life isn’t part of a university. ( ) . (1*1)
5- What is the further reading that is needed at a university in addition to books? (1*1)
1-…………………………….2-……………………………3-……………………………… 3*1)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Use the correct form of (make , do ,have) in the following sentences. (4*1)points
1- While I ……………………….a cake , my mother called me to answer the telephone.
2- They ………………..a long walk in the streets of the beautiful city.
3- Amal doesn’t …………….a suggestion now.
4- The skillful carpenter ……………..this table.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Use the suitable correct form of phrasal verbs in the following sentences. (4*1)points
You have more phrasal verbs than you need .
get into , get out , get on with , write down , out off
1-This is a very important note , I must ………............it …………………. .
2- Today , I’m very busy. So I have to ………………the meeting …………… .
3- It’s very important to me to …………………..the football team.
4- Students , please ……………….your books.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Use the suitable reflexive pronoun. ( 4*1)points
1- You don’t need to explain what I did to every one. I can speak ………………… .
2- The question …………………is not very complicated ,but the answer certainly is.
3- Your hair look terrible .look at ……………………………in the mirror.
4- The old lady lives …………………these days , and she rarely goes out to see anyone.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Rewrite the following . ( 3*1)points
1- Where do you live ?
Can you tell me ………………………………………………………………………………
2- Did Ahmed finish his project ?
I’d like to know ………………………………………………………………………………
3- Was she at home when you went there?
Do you think …………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Math the following. ( you have more than you need ). (4*1)points
make , do , set , main , one’s feeling , share
1- ……………..your interest . 2- ……………points . 3-…………….well. 4-………….a friend

Fill in the spaces with the suitable words . (5*1)points
( you have more words than you need ).
obligations , time wasters , priorities , get every thing done , deputy , identify
1- When you are busy try to get red of ………………….in this case you can finish what you’re doing.
2- Try to ……………………things that waste the time.
3- There was a lot for the teachers to do at the beginning of scholastic year , and it was hard to ………….
4- ……………………..are more important than any other tasks.
5- After that , she went to a meeting with the Head and …………………Head for her department.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
literature
Through your reading to the “ The Road Not taken” answer these questions. (3*2)points
1- Who said this poem? …………………………………….
2- “ had worn them really about the same “ What was the condition of the two paths?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3- “and having perhaps the better claim” Why was it better to take this path?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..




-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------

قواعد الوحدة الأولى
The present simple
المضارع البسيط
We use present simple to express a fact or habit.
يستخدم المضارع البسيط للتعبير عن حقيقة أو عادة
Fact: Some thing we can’t change شئ لا يمكن تغييره
e.g:
 The sun rises in the East
 The cow gives us milk.
 The moon lights at night.
 The water steams at 100c.
Habit: some thing we do regularly شئ نقوم به بشكل منتظم
 I go to school everyday.
 Ahmed plays tennis every Friday.
 Mona & Hind always visits their grandmother.
 يتكون المضارع البسيط من التصريف الأول من الفعل.
 The present simple tense is formed of the 1st verb
 يضاف للفعل s / es مع ( he / she / it / الاسم العلم المفرد).
 s / es are added to the verb (if the subject is) [ he / she / it / names(singular)]
we say :
Mona / he /she plays volleyball. Not * Mona / he /she play volleyball.
& I /we / you / they play football. Not * I /we / you / they plays football.
 تضاف es للفعل إذا انتهى الفعل بأحد الحروف ( s / ss / sh / ch / o / x ) .
 es is added to the verb if the verb ends with [ s / ss / sh / ch / o / x]
we say:
cross  crosses *crosss pass  passes * passs
fix  fixes * fixs mix  mixes * mixs
watch  watches * watchs wash  washes * washs
 إذا انتهى الفعل بحرف ( y ) و سبق بحرف ساكن تقلب ال ( y ) إلى ( ies ).
 If the verb ends with ( y ) preceded by a consonant we change ( y ) to ( ies ).
We say:
Fly  flies * flys cry  cries * crys
Play  plays * plaies carry  carries * carrys

Examples:
 The Palestinian government develops all society sides.
 تعمل الحكومة الفلسطينية على تطوير جميع نواحي الحياة ( المجتمع)
 Omar eats an apple.
 We pray five times a day.
 It rains heavily.
We have key words such as:
(Always - usually - often - rarely - frequently) we use them after the subject:
تستخدم بعد الفاعل مباشرة
 Ali always / usually / often / rarely / frequently plays tennis in the playground.

(Sometimes) we use it at the beginning of the sentence
تستخدم في بداية الجملة
 Sometimes, Khaled drinks coffee in the coffee shop.
( Every ) we can use it at the beginning or at the end of the sentence
يمكن استخدامها في بداية الجمل و نهاياتها
Every day, I go to school on foot.
I go to school on foot every day.

Negative
When we want to make negative we must have a form that is


I / we / they / you / plural (الجمع) + do
He / she / it / singular (المفرد) + does
بعد النفي يتم إرجاع الفعل إلى أصله بحذف s / es
 The Israeli forces arrest the Palestinians every day. ( negative)
 The Israeli forces DO + NOT + arrest the Palestinians every day.
 Hala plants flowers at her garden. (negative)
 Hala DOES + NOT + plant flowers at her garden.

How to make Questions?
We have two types / kinds of questions:
1. Yes / No Questions:
It means any questions begins with a helping verb (auxiliary) and its answer is with yes / no.
أي سؤال يبدأ بفعل مساعد و تكون إجابته بنعم أو لا

We have an easy form to make a yes / no question :


 Ali goes to school every day.
 Does Ali go to school every day?
 Omar & Moh’d travel to Egypt every year.
 Do Omar & Moh’d travel to Egypt every year?


قواعد الوحدة الثانية
Unit2
How to make adjectives?

We have some thing we call suffixes. These suffixes are some letters we add in the end of a word to change the form of it ( from verb to noun / noun to adj. …. Etc)
These letters such as



Danger → dangerous care → careful use → useful
Use → useless person → personal economy → economic


Phrasal verbs:
What do we mean by phrasal verb?? ماذا نقصد بالأفعال الأسلوبية
These are verbs are joined to some preposition and very one has a different meaning.
هي عبارة عن أفعال تضاف أو تقترن بحروف جر و كل كلمة منها لها معنى مختلف

Bring ………:
1. bring back يسترجع / يستعيد= return something to its original يعيد شي ما إلى أصله
Burj Dubai brings the record back to the Arab world.
Jerusalem is our everlasting capital and we must bring it back

2. bring in يستعين / يعمل مع = cause some body often with special skills, to join a group
جعل شخص ما يمتلك مهارة معينة يلتحق بجماعة معينة لإعطاء هذه الخبرات
Shanghai has brought in a Spanish team of architects.

3. bring up يربي = look after children until they are adult يقوم بتربية الأطفال إلي أن ينضجوا
When I was a child, I was brought up in Egypt.

4. bring along يصطحب = to take some body or some thing with u when you go some where
عندما تأخذ شي ما أو شخص ما معك إلى مكان ما
When I went to Gaza yesterday I brought along my laptop to be fixed.

5. bring down يسقط = make something fall to the ground أن يُسقط شي ما على الأرض
The old building was dangerous, so we brought it down last week.


Present perfect
المضارع التام
1. We use it to express an event happened and finished in the past but it still has effects in the present
للتعبير عن حدث (فعل) حدثَ و انتهى في الماضي و له اثر في الحاضر
I have painted my room last week.
I painted my room the last week but the effects of the painting are still noticed which are the paintings on the walls.
دهنت غرفتي الأسبوع الماضي
لقد دهنت الغرفة في الأسبوع الماضي و لكن أثار الدهان ما زالت موجودة على الجدران
2. We can use the present perfect to express an event has just been done or has just finished.
يستخدم المضارع التام للعبير عن حدث بدأ للتو أو انتهى للتو.
I have just / already finished my home work.
لقد انتهيت من حل الواجب الآن أو للتو
The present perfect tense is formed as follow:




→ He has broken the window.
→ She has just cooked the food.
→ They haven't ridden a horse yet.
→ I have never been to Paris.

We can see that there some words we add in the sentences like ( just – never … etc) we call these words key words. We have 7 key words in this tense
نلاحظ أننا قمنا بإضافة بعض الكلمات إلى الجمل مثل( just – never … etc) فإننا نسمي هذه الكلمات ( كلمات دالة ) و هذا الزمن له 7 كلمات دالة
1. just
2. already
we use these words after has & have (between the parts of the verb)
نستخدم هاتان الكلمتان بعد have / has أي بين شقي الفعل و تعني تواً أو للتو

I have already / just crossed the street.
He has just / already told me that he will be late on the party.

3. never
4. yet
These two words we use to make negative
نستخدم هاتان الكلمتان للتعبير عن النفي
We use never after has & have (between the parts of the verb).
نستخدم never بعد have / has أي بين شقي الفعل و تعني أبدً
On the other hand, we use yet at the end of the sentence .
من ناحية أخرى فإننا نستعمل yet في نهاية الجملة و تعني حتى الآن


A) I've never done my home work.
B) I haven't done my home work yet. (show the difference)

We can notice some things :
1. never is in the middle of the sentence but yet is at the end of it .
((never تستخدم في وسط الجملة كما سبق أن وضحنا بينما ( yet ) تستخدم في نهاية الجملة.

2. with yet we make ( have ) negative but with never ( have ) still affirmative
مع( yet ) قمنا بنفي (have) و لكن مع ( never ) بقيت ( have ) كما هي مثبتة.

3. in meaning, there is a difference i.e the sentence (A) has the meaning of that ( I ) didn't do my home work all my life. On the other hand, the sentence ( B ) give me that ( I ) always do my home work but I don't do it till now for a reason.
يوجد هناك اختلاف في المعنى و ذلك واضح أن الجملة الأولى تعني أنني لم أقم بحل الواجب طوال حياتي بينما في الجملة الثانية فإنني دائما أقوم بحل الواجب و لكنني لم أقم بحل الواجب حتى الآن و ذلك لسبب ما .
و من هنا نستطيع أن نستخلص أن((never تعني عدم فعل الحدث نهائيا على مدى الحياة بينما (yet ) تعني أن الفاعل يقوم بالحدث دائما و لكن هناك سبب ما منعه من فعل الحدث هذه المرة

5. since timed point (نقطة زمنية)
6. for period (مدة زمنية)

_________________


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://www.spectra.allgoo.net
أبو إسلام
قلم جديد
قلم جديد


عدد الرسائل : 7
المهنة : student
الإقامة : Palestine
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/02/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: امتحان و تلخيص قواعد انجليزي للثاني عشر   الجمعة فبراير 15, 2008 10:00 pm

مشكووووور أخ أدمن علي الإختبار
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
امتحان و تلخيص قواعد انجليزي للثاني عشر
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
منتديات سبكترا :: إدارة ومناهج :: المرحلة الثانوية-
انتقل الى: